Everything You Need to Know About Kuala Lumpur

This is Kuala Lumpur (KL), Malaysia's sultry capital packed with historic monuments, steel-clad skyscrapers, lush parks, megasized shopping malls, bustling street markets and lively nightspots.Essential parts of the vibrant mix are the incense-wreathed, colourfully adorned mosques and temples of the country's Malay, Chinese and Indian communities. A reverence for these ancient cultures is balanced with a drive to be plugged into the contemporary world, a desire that's reflected in an exciting contemporary-art and design scene, an ambitious riverbank-regeneration project and cutting-edge architecture: once completed, the new Merdeka PNB 118 tower will be taller than the iconic Petronas Towers.

Language of Malaysia

Bahasa Malaysia is the principal language in Kuala Lumpur. Kuala Lumpur residents are generally literate in English, with a large proportion adopting it as their first language.
It has a strong presence, especially in business and is a compulsory language taught in schools. Cantonese and Mandarin are prominent as they are spoken by the local majority Chinese population. Another major dialect spoken is Hakka. While Tamil is dominant amongst the local Indian population, other Indian languages spoken include Telugu, Malayalam, Punjabi and Hindi. Beside the Malay language, there are a variety of languages spoken by people of Indonesian descent, such as Minangkabau and Javanese.

History of Malaysia

Malaysia is a Southeast Asian country located on a strategic sea-lane that exposes it to global trade and foreign culture. Hinduism from India and Buddhism and Taoism from China dominated early regional history, reaching their peak during the reign of the Sumatra-based Srivijaya civilisation, whose influence extended through Sumatra, Java, the Malay Peninsula and much of Borneo from the 7th to the 13th centuries.

Kuala Lumpur Weather

Protected by the Titiwangsa Range in the east and Indonesia's Sumatra Island in the west, Kuala Lumpur is safe from strong winds and has a tropical rainforest climate which is warm and sunny, along with abundant rainfall, especially during the northeast monsoon season from October to March. Temperatures tend to remain constant. Maximums hover between 32 and 35 °C (90 and 95 °F) and sometime hit 40 °C (104.0 °F), while minimums hover between 23.4 and 24.6 °C (74.1 and 76.3 °F) and have never fallen below 14.4 °C (57.9 °F). Kuala Lumpur typically receives minimum 2,600 mm (100 in) of rain annually; June and July are relatively dry, but even then rainfall typically exceeds 131 millimetres (5.2 in) per month. Flood is a frequent occurrence in Kuala Lumpur after heavy downpours, especially in the city centre because the structural irrigation lacks behind the intensive development within the City. Smoke from forest fires of nearby Sumatra sometimes casts a haze over the region. It is a major source of pollution in the city together with open burning, emission from motor vehicles and construction work.

Kuala Lumpur International Airport

Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) is a leading Asia's aviation hub. Situated in the Sepang district, it is approximately 50km from the capital city of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. KLIA is the largest and busiest airport in Malaysia. In 2016, it handled 52,643,511 passengers and 642,558 tonnes of cargo. Since its inauguration in year 1998, Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) has won numerous awards from international organizations such as Skytrax and International Air Transport Association for its comprehensive list of services and superb professional services.

Things to See In Kuala Lumpur

Petronas Towers

The Petronas Towers, also known as the Petronas Twin Towers (Malay: Menara Petronas, or Menara Berkembar Petronas), are twin skyscrapers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. According to the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH)'s official definition and ranking, they were the tallest buildings in the world from 1998 to 2004 and remain the tallest twin towers in the world. The buildings are a landmark of Kuala Lumpur, along with nearby Kuala Lumpur Tower.

Kuala Lumpur Bird Park

Kuala Lumpur Bird Park is a 20.9-acre (8.5 ha) public aviary in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It is a popular tourist attraction in the country, receiving an annual average of 200,000 visitors. It is located adjacent to the Lake Gardens. The Bird Park houses more than 3000 birds representing more than 200 species in an enclosed aviary. 90% are local birds and 10% were imported from overseas.
The bird park is part of the 60-hectare (150-acre) Lake Gardens, which were established in 1888. In addition to the 20.9-acre (8.5 ha) bird park, which was created in 1991, the gardens include an artificial lake, the National Monument, the Kuala Lumpur Butterfly Park, the Deer Park, Orchid and Hibiscus gardens, and the former Malaysia Parliament House. It is one of the world's largest covered bird parks.

King's Palace

Surrounded by a beautiful park, green lawns and ponds the King´s Palace, Istana Negara, is the official residence of the Yang Di-Pertuan Agong, a Malay title usually translated as "Supreme Head". You can watch the Palace from outside the main gate where the Royal Guards, dressed in white Malay as well as red British inspired uniforms, are guarding the main gate on horse and on foot.
The Kingdom of Malaysia consists of 9 sultanates (Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Negeri Pahang, Perak, Perlis, Selangor, Sembilan and Terengganu) and 4 non monarchic states (Malacca, Penang, Sabah and Sarawak). The "Yang Di-Pertuan Agong" or Paramount Ruler is elected among the sultans every five years, which means that there are 45 years until a sultan can be elected for the second time. The king in Malaysia is the head of the state. Together with the Prime Minister, the King appoints the cabinet from among the members of Parliament, as well as the nominal head of the military and all three branches of government.
Since December 2006 Chief of State is Paramount Ruler Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin.

National Monument

The National Monument was built to recognise and honour those who gave up their lives in the cause for peace and freedom, particularly during the nation's struggle against the threat of communism. Within the National Monument grounds is one of the world's largest free-standing bronze sculptures. It was sculpted in 1966 by Felix de Weldon, who was also the creator of the famous Iwo Jima monument in Washington DC.
There are seven bronze human figures atop an oblong base; each figure denoting one of seven qualities: courage, leadership, sacrifice, strength, suffering, unity and vigilance.
The topmost figure, at the centre, holds aloft the Malaysian flag. He is flanked on the left and right by two other soldiers, both armed; the figure on the left is armed with a machinegun, while the other carries a rifle and a bayonet.
Next to the National Monument are the ASEAN Gardens and the Tun Razak Memorial, which houses memorabilia of Malaysia's second Prime Minister, the late Tun Abdul Razak Hussein.

National Mosque

The main dome of the National Mosque is designed in the shape of an 18-point star to represent the 13 states of Malaysia and the five central Pillars of Islam, and has the appearance of a partly opened umbrella roof which symbolises the aspirations of an independent nation.
As one of Southeast Asia's largest mosques, its unique modern design embodies a contemporary expression of traditional Islamic art, calligraphy and ornamentation.
The National Mosque is located right next to the architecturally fabulous old railway station, and just a short walk to the sprawling Lake Gardens and National Monument.

Batu Caves

Batu Caves is a an iconic and popular tourist attraction in Selangor. Site of a Hindu temple and shrine, Batu Caves attracts thousands of worshippers and tourists, especially during the annual Hindu festival, Thaipusam. A limestone outcrop located just north of Kuala Lumpur, Batu Caves has three main caves featuring temples and Hindu shrines. Its main attraction is the large statue of the Hindu God at the entrance, besides a steep 272 climb up its steps to finally view the stunning skyline of the city centre. Monkeys frolic around the caves, and it is a popular spot for rock climbing enthusiasts. Paintings and scenes of Hindu Gods can also be seen in the Ramayana Cave. Batu Caves is a place where you should not miss on your next visit to Malaysia!

Sultan Abdul Samad Building

The iconic Sultan Abdul Samad building is located in front of Dataran Merdeka and Royal Selangor Club, along Jalan Tunku Abdul Rahman.
It was completed in 1897 by A.C. Norman. During the time of the British administration in Malaya, it was used to house several government departments.
Today, this historical building houses the Supreme and High Courts. The building with unique Moorish designs and clock tower is widely photographed by visitors to the city centre.
On important occasions, the building is decorated with colourful lights and flags. The historic Dataran Merdeka, where the Union Flag was lowered and the Malayan flag hoisted for the first time on 31 August 1957, is also just across the street from the Sultan Abdul Samad building.

Reaching By Air

Kuala Lumpur International Airport is the main airport serving Kuala Lumpur, with two different terminals. The airport is well-connected to various cities across the world, such as Beijing, Delhi, Manila, Tokyo, London, Singapore, etc. Some of the major international airlines serving this airport include Air China, Air India, AirAsia, All Nippon Airways, British Airways, Jetstar Asia Airways and many more.

Nearest Airport: Kuala Lumpur International Airport is located in Sepang district, at a distance of 50 km from the city.
Safety Suggestion: Adverse weather conditions in Kulala Lumpur, such as floods and thunderstorms, might cause some flights to be diverted or delayed.

By Train

Kuala Lumpur Sentral, or simply known as KL Sentral is without a doubt the largest transit hub in Malaysia that was opened for public in 2001 in Kuala Lumpur. Built as an urban centre for business and lifestyle purposes, this hub supports the KLIA Express Rail Link, KLIA Transit, RapidKL, KTM Komuter, KTM Intercity and KL Monorail Services. Unfortunately, there are no direct trains available from Singapore to Kuala Lumpur if you wish to take the train to KL Sentral, but there are ways of doing so.
KTMB the train company that operates on this route offer their services online and you can also book your train ticket online through Easybook. This also gives you the chance to choose your preferred seat on the train. Pick-up point is at Woodlands Train Checkpoint that you can access these locations with the assistance of local public transport providers such as the taxi and MRT service.

By Bus

Kuala Lumpur, being the capital city of Malaysia, has the most number of bus terminals in Malaysia. Last time, Pudu Sentral (or Pudu Raya) is the main and the only bus terminal in Kuala Lumpur and it used to serve for coaches departing to and arriving from all parts of Peninsular Malaysia. However, with growing number of commuters as well as express bus companies, they have caused heavy traffic in Pudu Sentral area. To ease the traffic congestion in Pudu Sentral area, the authority has built more bus terminals in Kuala Lumpur, namely Terminal Bersepadu Selatan, Duta Bus Terminal and Pekeliling Bus Terminal. These 4 main bus terminals, each serves customers going to the North, South and East coast of Malaysia. Please refer to below description for these 4 bus terminals.